Ayurveda, the Divine science of life and health management, is the richest ‘Gift of India’ to the whole humanity living on earth. “Welfare of the world” is the ultimate vision of Indian vedic tradition. As the Vedic saying goes “Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavanthu”.
“ Ayu: kamaya manena dharma, artha, sukha, sadhanam |
Ayurveda upadesheshu vidheya paramadara ” ||
The ultimate aim of human life is the attainment of its core objects. Ayurveda says, those who desirous to lead a long and healthy life through achieving Righteousness (Dharma), Wealth (Artha) and Happiness (Sukha), should repose at most faith in Ayurveda. Also they should extremely respect and abide the norms of Ayurveda. It is essential to maintain life not only in disease free state but also in a positively healthy state of body mind and spirit. The maintenance of positive health Swasthavrita is the distinguishing feature of Ayurveda. Thus Ayurveda Prescribe specific daily routine Dinacharya, and also seasonal regime Ritucharya, and equal importance is given to mental health, for which a regim Sadvritta is prescribed.
Ayurveda, the Divine science of life and health management, is one among the richest gifts of ancient sages of India to the mankind. “Welfare of the world” is the ultimate vision of Indian vedic tradition. As the Vedic saying goes “Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavanthu”.
From the time immemorial, India was known for her achievements in the field of medicines. In those days, the Ayurvedic system of medicine was very popular and existing today. Ayurveda is not confined to medicine only, It deals the whole subject of life in its various ramifications. This can be seen by the variety of topics discussed therein, Such as rebirth, Renunciation, Salvation (Moksha) Soul (Atma) etc.
The term Ayurveda means ‘Knowledge’ (Veda) concerning maintenance of ‘life’ (Ayus) i.e, the system which provides the complete knowledge about life. This ancient science focuses on cultivating a healthy body and mind which enables the soul to experience the universal truth, attain liberation and be one with absolute consciousness.
The origin of Ayurveda has been already evident in Adharva veda, and it is known as Upaveda of Adharva veda. Mythologicaly the first exponent of this medical science is none other than creator Brahma himself. And he shared this knowledge to Dakshprajapathi, who taught it to the Aswhawani twins (The physicians of the Gods). The Aswhawani twins taught it to the Lord Indra, the king of Gods.
Maharshi Bharadwaja , who mastered Ayurveda from Lord Indra , Divulged the heavenly knowledge to other sages. Great saints like Dhanwanthri , Atreya Mahamuni , Charaka and Sushruta etc. are expanded and encouraged the knowledge to their deciles and in the arena of Ayurveda. Thus , Ayurveda was passed on from Generation to Generation and it developed into a modern science with Eight branches of speciality divisions.
Susruta was an ancient Indian physician, and the author of the treatise Susrutha Samhita. The text discusses many surgical techniques and Instruments. He was the first person who studied the structure of Human Body and described in detail. Suśruta is known as "the father of surgery" on account of the extraordinarily accurate and detailed accounts of surgery to be found in the work. He has also been called "the first plastic surgeon".